What is ADR?
ADR is an acronym for “Accord for Dangerous Goods by road”. In French, we speak of the European Agreement on the International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road. This regularization was decided on September 30, 1957 in Geneva by the United Nations Economic Commission. Note that from January 1, 2021, the acronym ADR will remain valid but will be developed as follows: "Agreement relating to the international transport of dangerous goods by road". The aim of this agreement is therefore to harmonize the management of hazardous materials in all its aspects: transport, storage, movement or even accident prevention.
What are the ADR regulations?
In order to meet compliance requirements for the transport of hazardous materials, ADR highlights 9 key points, divided into two parts. The first part brings together the first 7 points: general provisions, classification, listing of materials considered dangerous, provisions relating to the use of packaging and tanks, requirements relating to the construction of packaging and finally the conditions of transport, loading and unloading. The second annex includes two points: the requirements relating to crews and the requirements relating to the construction and approval of vehicles.
What are the so-called dangerous goods?
ADR divides hazardous materials into 9 main categories (further divided into several sub-categories):
Class 1: explosive substances
Class 2: gas
Class 3: flammable liquids
Class 4.1: flammable solids and self-reactive substances
Class 4.2: substances which may ignite spontaneously
Class 4.3: water-reactive substances
Class 5.1: oxidizing substances
Class 5.2: organic peroxides
Class 6.1: toxic substances
Class 6.2: infectious substances
Class 7: radioactive materials
Class 8: corrosive substances
Class 9: various materials and articles that may harm the environment
The ADR signage consists of two things: a plate with a numerical code indicating the dangerousness of the product, and a label with a pictogram allowing rapid visual identification of the product.
The plate is orange in color and consists of two parts: the number at the top indicates the class of the hazardous material, one or two other digits may follow to specify the category. The bottom number is the UN number which indicates the type of product transported.
The label is smaller than the plate and shows the danger that the transported material can cause to the environment by means of a pictogram. There are about twenty possible labels: explosive products, corrosive products, flammable liquids or gases, toxic gases, etc.
Who are the members of ADR?
Since January 1, 2019, 51 countries are parties to this agreement, in alphabetical order: Albania, Germany, Andorra, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Denmark, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Moldova, Montenegro, Niger, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, United Kingdom, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine.
How to train for ADR?
Any driver who wishes to transport hazardous materials must complete training. Its purpose is to make drivers aware of all accidents or incidents that may occur during their journeys. The training takes place in 3 days with a mixture of theory and practice, independent work and group work. Participants are assessed by a MCQ on the third day of the training. Then follows the delivery of an attestation and a training certificate (CADR) attesting to the candidate's full success. Note that the certificate remains valid for 5 years and must then be renewed.
Where to spend your ADR? How much does ADR training cost?
It is essential to approach a training center approved by the state. There are then several types of training: in all cases, it is necessary to start with the initial training in order to then qualify for more specialized training.
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