Scania is a Swedish manufacturer of trucks, coaches and buses and of maritime and industrial engines. The headquarters are in Södertälje, Sweden, and the 11 factories are located in 5 countries. Scania manufacturers distribution, construction and long distance trucks as well as special vehicles. First trucks equipped with a turbocharger, the Scania trucks have acquiered a good reputation, and the nickname : « King of the Road ». They received the « Truck of the Year » in 1989 (series 3), in 1996 (series 4), in 2005 and in 2010 (series R).
In 1900 was created the company Maskinfabriksaktiebolaget Scania, that first manufactured bikes then got into cars and trucks manufacturing : the first truck was manufactured in 1902. In 1911 Scania merges with Vabis, another truck manufacturer. The bus production starts and the first diesel engine is built in 1936. In 1969, Scania-Vabis joins Swedish manufacturer Saab, it is the beginning of Saab-Scania, before becoming an independent company in 1995. Volkswagen becomes the main owner (in 2008) then exclusive owner (in 2014) of Scania.